Understanding the different types of welding techniques and when to use them can enable you to make informed decisions about your welding needs. Whether you’re welding utensils and kitchenware, signages, interior decoration, or working on larger projects, there is a welding technique that can meet your needs.
You can create strong, reliable welds that will stand the test of time by choosing the right welding technique, following proper procedures, and conducting regular inspections. This blog will discuss the different types of welding, their applications, and the weld-cleaning solutions required for each process.
Types of Welding Processes
The right welding technique for your business depends on the specific needs of your project. Explore the four most common types of welding below and learn when each is useful for your business.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW/MIG)
Gas Metal Arc Welding, also known as Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding, is a process that uses a wire electrode to join two pieces of metal together. The wire is fed through a spool gun and is melted by an electric arc to form the bond. This type of welding is commonly used in automotive and manufacturing industries, as it can be used to weld thin metals.
GMAW is useful for fast and efficient welding, especially for larger projects. It is ideal for welding sheet metal, tubing, and pipes. The process also creates strong bonds with minimal splatter and pre-weld cleaning solutions. The post-welding cleaning process for GMAW/MIG welding involves removing excess spatter and cleaning the surface with a wire brush.
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW/TIG)
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding, also known as Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding, is a precise welding process that uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce the weld. The tungsten electrode is held in a torch, and an arc is created between the electrode and the metal being welded. This type of welding is commonly used in the aerospace and automotive industries and for precision welding on jewellery and other small items.
GTAW/TIG is useful for high-quality, precise welding. It is ideal for welding thin metals, stainless steel, aluminium, and other non-ferrous metals. The post-welding cleaning process for GTAW/TIG welding involves removing any oxides or contaminants from the surface of the metal using premium weld cleaning solutions.
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
Shielded Metal Arc Welding, also known as Stick welding, is a process that uses a consumable electrode coated in flux to produce the weld. The flux coating melts and forms a protective shield around the weld, preventing contamination and building a strong bond. This type of welding is commonly used in construction and repair work and for welding thick metals.
SMAW is ideal for welding thick metals and is often used for welding steel, iron, and other ferrous metals. The post-welding cleaning process for SMAW involves removing any slag or spatter from the surface of the metal.
Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
Flux Cored Arc Welding uses a continuously fed electrode coated in flux to produce the weld. The flux coating melts and forms a protective shield around the weld, similar to SMAW. However, FCAW uses a wire electrode instead of a stick electrode, making it a more versatile process. This type of welding is common in manufacturing and construction industries and for welding thicker metals.
FCAW is versatile and useful for various applications, ideal for welding thick metals, steel, stainless steel, and other metals. The post-welding cleaning process for FCAW involves removing any excess flux and cleaning the surface with a wire brush.
The Right Technique Combined with the Best Weld Cleaning Solution
Are you looking for a premium pre- and post-weld cleaning solution to ensure the quality and safety of your welding projects?
TIG Brush is a trusted supplier of weld cleaning solutions that meet local and global standards. We aim to make welding services more efficient and safer with the best solutions for pre- and post-clean-up.
Contact us today for questions and concerns.